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Burleson notes

The origin of the Burleson Surname

There has been a lot of speculation and conjecture about the origin of the Burleson name, but all scholars agree that the Burleson name originated in medieval England.

There are many theories, and most ideas are based on generally accepted evidence about how surnames were first adopted in medieval England:

Occupational surnames
Geographical surnames

Lets take a closer look at how English surnames are adopted, see the theories on how they might apply to our surname.

Occupational surnames

As surnames first emerged, it was not uncommon for someone to have an occupational name. For example, John the blacksmith might choose the surname John Smith. Likewise, Some say that the name Burleson is a variant on son of the butler.

Others say that our surname derived from the Saxon occupation burle, for a person who dresses and finishes cloth by removing the burrs that are leftover from the weaving process. There is also unsubstantiated speculation that Burleson is derived from son of the Butler.

Geographic surnames

In this tradition, William of Burleston, (William of Burleston) will become William Burleston. A preponderance of the evidence strongly suggests that this is the true origin of the Burleson surname.

The famous Domesday Book, a comprehensive census of England in 1086 AD order by William the Conqueror, shows us the true origin of the Burleson surname.

The Domesday book describes a parish (a hamlet) named Burleston with nine families, located in County Dorset just six miles from Dorchester England.

By 1391 AD, there were many Burlestons living near Burleston hamlet, and The Burleston cost of arms was designed by Bishop Burleston in County Durham.

The 1391 document refers to the town of Poddyngysheighys. This could be the village of Piddleleton (later re-named Puddleton by Queen Victoria in the 1800s).

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There is also uncorroborated statements by professor Elon Byrd of Elon College, North Carolina. He refers to ancient documents from far north England that mention a Hugo Burleson in the year 1202 AD, and another for a John Byrleson in the year 1209 AD.

Regardless, the circumstantial evidence suggests that the geographical name theory may be correct. The earliest evidence is from the Domesday book, the great English census from the year 1086 AD.

The great book notes a small parish named Burleston in County Dorset, near present-day Dartington and Puddleton (formerly named Piddleton, after the river Piddle in Plddle valley). A parish does
Not have a religious connotation. Rather, a small hamlet was called a parish in medieval times.

Burleston parish was indeed a hamlet, and consisted of only nine households, four of which were slaves.

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The text of the Domesday book show this data about Burleston:

Taxable units: Taxable value 3 geld units.

Value: Value to lord in 1086 2.

Households: 5 smallholders, 4 slaves.

Ploughland: 2 ploughlands (land for).

Other resources: 2.5 lords lands. Meadow 16 acres. 1 mill, value 0.16.

Livestock in 1086: 1 cobs. 3 cattle. 115 sheep.

Lord in 1066: Milton (St. Peter), abbey of.

Lord in 1086: Milton (St. Peter), abbey of.

Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Milton (St. Peter), abbey of.

Phillimore reference: 12.5

Its interesting that site of Burleston parish hamlet still exist in County Dorset, settled in among the lovely rolling hills of southern England. (Add pic map below)

(Add map here)

There are several important pieces of circumstantial evidence to support the theory that Burleston hamlet lent
Its name to our surname:

Document dated 1215 AD - This document refers to a William de Burleton at Shrewsbury castle.

Burleson Coat of Arms - The recognized Burleson heraldry was first published by A man named Bishop Burleston in county Durham, about four centuries after the the residents of Burleston parish adopted their bane from their hamlet name.

Burleston families living near Burleston hamlet - There are land sale documents from 1391 AD proving that people with the Burleston surname were living near their ancestral homeland near Puddleton England in Dorset.

William Burleston, 1391 in Dorset, deed to William Gybbe (see BFA Vol. 8. No. 4.)

William Burleston (of the 1391 William Burleston) noting his mother is Elizabeth Burleson, and that she died, in a document dated 1418-1419.

1215 Document mentioning William de Burleton

This document from the year 1315 AD shows a William Burleton in Shrewsbury England, living only 137 miles from the Burleston parish in Dorset:

In the calendar of Parent Rolls for King Richard II for the year 1315 AD (located in membrane 12d), we see the following reference of a William of Burleton:

Commission to W. De Stanford, Richard de Harlye and J. de Bromfeld to deliver the gaol of the castle at Shrewsbury of William be Burleton, a prisoner of that gaol for the death of Nicholas de LD Rode.

The 1391 document mentioning William de Burleston

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Here we see a William Burleston in a document relating to Fenton in Dartington England. As we know, Dartington is just a few miles from Burleston parish, as noted in the year 1086 AD:

(Transcribe contract here)

This is clear cut evidence that the William de Burleston made his surname from the name of his ancestral home at Burleston hamlet.

419 deed text

Again we wee William Burleston doing s contract for an area near Puddleton, a town near the hamlet of Burleston:

(Transcribe contract here)

Burleson DNA studies and England

DNA evidence strongly suggests that the original Burlestons from the 1086 AD census descended from Viking (Scandinavian) bloodlines that invaded England between 878 AD until 1066 AD.

We also know from the Burleson y-DNA study that the paternal descent of the Burleson is of Viking ancestry. It is a coincidence that Burlesons in England clustered in County Durham, County Dorset and north London (town of Holborn), northern suburb of London.


The Burlesons in England


General Burleson DNA results


The Burleson y-DNA connection

Copy content from BFRG and my

Those Burlesons with uninterrupted paternity belong to the l1-m253 haplogroup.

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The Burleson Coat of Arms

Get from BFRG PAGE.

The early Burleson Family in colonial America

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American state distribution of Burleson surname here.










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