Burleson Name Origin
Burleson Family Crest
The origin of the
There has been a lot of speculation and
conjecture about the origin of the Burleson name, but all scholars
agree that the Burleson name originated in medieval England.
There are many theories, and most ideas are based on generally
accepted evidence about how surnames were first adopted in medieval
Lets take a closer look at how English surnames are adopted, see
the theories on how they might apply to our surname.
As surnames first emerged, it was not
uncommon for someone to have an occupational name. For example, John
the blacksmith might choose the surname John Smith. Likewise, Some
say that the name Burleson is a variant on son of the butler.
Others say that our surname derived from the Saxon occupation
burle, for a person who dresses and finishes cloth by removing the
burrs that are leftover from the weaving process. There is also
unsubstantiated speculation that Burleson is derived from son of the
In this tradition, William
of Burleston, (William of Burleston) will become William Burleston.
A preponderance of the evidence strongly suggests that this is the
true origin of the Burleson surname.
The famous Domesday
Book, a comprehensive census of England in 1086 AD order by William
the Conqueror, shows us the true origin of the Burleson surname.
The Domesday book describes a parish (a hamlet) named Burleston
with nine families, located in County Dorset just six miles from
By 1391 AD, there were many Burlestons
living near Burleston hamlet, and The Burleston cost of arms was
designed by Bishop Burleston in County Durham.
document refers to the town of Poddyngysheighys. This could be the
village of Piddleleton (later re-named Puddleton by Queen Victoria
in the 1800s).
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There is also
uncorroborated statements by professor Elon Byrd of Elon College,
North Carolina. He refers to ancient documents from far north
England that mention a Hugo Burleson in the year 1202 AD, and
another for a John Byrleson in the year 1209 AD.
the circumstantial evidence suggests that the geographical name
theory may be correct. The earliest evidence is from the Domesday
book, the great English census from the year 1086 AD.
great book notes a small parish named Burleston in County Dorset,
near present-day Dartington and Puddleton (formerly named Piddleton,
after the river Piddle in Plddle valley). A parish does
a religious connotation. Rather, a small hamlet was called a parish
in medieval times.
Burleston parish was indeed a hamlet, and
consisted of only nine households, four of which were slaves.
(Add ancient text:)
The text of the Domesday book show
this data about Burleston:
Taxable units: Taxable value 3
Value: Value to lord in 1086 2.
Households: 5 smallholders, 4 slaves.
ploughlands (land for).
Other resources: 2.5 lords lands.
Meadow 16 acres. 1 mill, value 0.16.
Livestock in 1086: 1
cobs. 3 cattle. 115 sheep.
Lord in 1066: Milton (St. Peter),
Lord in 1086: Milton (St. Peter), abbey of.
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Milton (St. Peter), abbey of.
Phillimore reference: 12.5
Its interesting that site of
Burleston parish hamlet still exist in County Dorset, settled in
among the lovely rolling hills of southern England. (Add pic map
(Add map here)
There are several important
pieces of circumstantial evidence to support the theory that
Burleston hamlet lent
Its name to our surname:
dated 1215 AD - This document refers to a William de Burleton at
Burleson Coat of Arms - The recognized
Burleson heraldry was first published by A man named Bishop
Burleston in county Durham, about four centuries after the the
residents of Burleston parish adopted their bane from their hamlet
Burleston families living near Burleston hamlet - There
are land sale documents from 1391 AD proving that people with the
Burleston surname were living near their ancestral homeland near
Puddleton England in Dorset.
William Burleston, 1391 in
Dorset, deed to William Gybbe (see BFA Vol. 8. No. 4.)
William Burleston (of the 1391 William Burleston) noting his mother
is Elizabeth Burleson, and that she died, in a document dated
1215 Document mentioning William de Burleton
This document from the year 1315 AD shows a William Burleton in
Shrewsbury England, living only 137 miles from the Burleston parish
In the calendar of Parent Rolls for King Richard
II for the year 1315 AD (located in membrane 12d), we see the
following reference of a William of Burleton:
W. De Stanford, Richard de Harlye and J. de Bromfeld to deliver the
gaol of the castle at Shrewsbury of William be Burleton, a prisoner
of that gaol for the death of Nicholas de LD Rode.
document mentioning William de Burleston
<add excerpts from
BFA analysis of 1391 doc>
Here we see a William Burleston in
a document relating to Fenton in Dartington England. As we know,
Dartington is just a few miles from Burleston parish, as noted in
the year 1086 AD:
(Transcribe contract here)
clear cut evidence that the William de Burleston made his surname
from the name of his ancestral home at Burleston hamlet.
Again we wee William Burleston doing s contract for
an area near Puddleton, a town near the hamlet of Burleston:
(Transcribe contract here)
Burleson DNA studies and
DNA evidence strongly suggests that the original
Burlestons from the 1086 AD census descended from Viking
(Scandinavian) bloodlines that invaded England between 878 AD until
We also know from the Burleson y-DNA study that the
paternal descent of the Burleson is of Viking ancestry. It is a
coincidence that Burlesons in England clustered in County Durham,
County Dorset and north London (town of Holborn), northern suburb of
The Burlesons in England
General Burleson DNA results
Burleson y-DNA connection
Copy content from BFRG and my
Those Burlesons with uninterrupted paternity belong to
the l1-m253 haplogroup.
Burleson Coat of Arms
Get from BFRG PAGE.
early Burleson Family in colonial America
<get text from this
American state distribution of Burleson surname here.
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